Engine Mount Bolts

Scott Swing let me know that the engine mount for a TCM IO-550 is 24″ wide at the bottom, and that the bolts penetrate the firewall just above the fuselage floor. I had previously cut down my header tank to make more room in this area, and I was relieved to find that there appears to be sufficient space to accommodate the bolts and the large washers. The 12″ mark is aligned with the fuselage centerline, and the tape measure shows the approximate location where the holes will be.

Rudder Cable Conduits

The rudder cables travel to the rear of the aircraft in Nylaflow tubing that is attached to the top of the cable conduits in the floor of the fuselage.  The Nylaflow is held in place with 1x bid, so I used this opportunity to use my new roll of 2″ wide bid tape, just wetting it with Velocipoxy as I worked down the length of the fuselage (both sides).

At the landing gear bulkhead, the Nylaflow tubing passes through a section of aluminum tubing that passes just outboard of the MLG leg and then through the firewall.

More Structural Fiberglass Work

The manual calls for beefing up the area where the landing gear bulkhead is connected to the main spar, which is also the area where the MLG leg sockets are. I had already put the foam and 2x bid on the trapezoidal connection between the landing gear bulkhead and the spar, but it needed a layer of glass underneath (tricky clamping) and another strengthening layer on top.

Thick 3x triax layups were placed in the area where the engine mount bolts will pass through the firewall – on both sides of the firewall.  I guess I have decided to use a TCM IO-550 engine. The upper triax straps will have to wait until the top is bonded on.  Its tedious, but good technique requires removing ~1/4″ of foam from sandwich panels, and then filling it with micro and sanding it smooth after it cures.  Some of these joints and tight areas have to be sanded by hand because there is not room for a sander…

Parts Organization and Seat Hardpoints

The bags of parts I received from the factory are in no apparent order and are poorly marked, if marked at all.  In addition, the part numbers in the manual frequently don’t match up with the part numbers on the part.  This has led to a lot of time searching for a needed part and confusion over whether I am using the right one.  So I decided to go through the manual, match up the parts by function and try, by process of elimination, to associate the hardware with the section of the build manual.  What I found was that I was missing several parts, and that I also had several parts that I could not associate with passages in the manual.

After discussions with Chad at the factory, I learned that there have been a handful of engineering changes to the kit that have made it deviate from the build manual.  For example, the side-stick option eliminates several parts from the kit, but adds many more. There is a small section of the manual for the side-stick option, but there are no photos or drawings to guide assembly or connection.  In addition, the factory is trying to get away from using push-pull cables.  I was given two push-pull cables in my kit, but it turns out that these are superseded by a new design that uses all solid tubes to connect the aileron torque tube bell crank from the aft keel to the aileron bell cranks on the wing.  There are no drawings or documentation for these parts or their assembly…….

All parts were organized, bagged, and labelled, and then stored on a new shelf by the chapter of the build manual.  Some rearrangement of the shop was required to fit the new shelf, and this gave me an opportunity to remove a bunch of wood and metal parts that have been accumulating over the years.  A net win!

With the holidays approaching, and lots of work around the house required to get ready for visitors, I decided to tackle an easy task – the front seat hard points.  First, the aluminum parts were sanded to remove sharp corners and edges.  Surfaces were rough-sanded to promote bonding. A tap was run in the threads to clean out debris, and the parts were washed thoroughly with solvent and wiped dry. Inside layer of fuselage and inner foam was removed on the outside positions, and the inner positions were marked.  All were set and leveled into structural epoxy + flox + cabosil and left to cure. The next day, a fillet of epoxy + cabosil was used to fill and fair around the aluminum, and covered with 2x bid.

Keel penetrations

Landing light opening was cut out using jigsaw and sanded to contour with a flange that will later hold the landing light lens.  The landing light housing (pre-fab part) was cut to fit and sanded, and bonded into place with a mixture of structural epoxy, cabo, and flox.

The NLG access cover was sanded and duct tape was placed around the opening in the keel where the cover will go. The cover was then hot-glued into place, and layers of BID were applied to make a flange.  After curing, the flange was timed and edges sanded smooth.

The circular access hole for the NLG hydraulic cylinder was cut in the keel.  The center was displaced about 1.5″ forward and down from plans due to suggestion from Chad.  The keel outer skin was then cut back and additional 1/2″ with a rabbet router bit.  Foam was dug out in preparation for filling with micro and 2xBID around the edge of the hole.

Preparations

img_3599

Spent a weekend getting the workshop ready to begin fuselage work.  After months spent taking care of other problems around the house, traveling and writing proposals for work, I am finally ready to start working on the Velocity in earnest!

Spent time getting everything organized to make fiberglass layups, mounted the fiberglass cloth rolls in the rolling rack, along with some clear plastic for layups.  Organized the shelves with adhesives, hand tools, abrasives, etc.

Cleaned all of the old masking tape and tape adhesive goo from the inside and outside of the windows.  Hot glued some poly sheet around the windows to prevent scratching and dust accumulation.

Center wing spar and landing gear

Leveling and centering checked again, and then the center wing spar was glued into place with structural adhesive+flox+cabo and clamped. MLG legs were bolted into place and bushings glued on both ends. MLG were then removed again. Thick tapered layups of triax were applied to link MLG bulkhead, firewall, and center spar together.

Aft keel was cut down for -5 option, and carbon keel cap was placed in position (not glued). NLG linkage, shock absorber, and over center link was installed in keel. NLG swing check completed.  NLG bushings and over-center hard points were mounted inset in keel skin, so careful cutting of outer skin and foam was needed.

Rudder pedals were positioned and attached to canard bulkhead and linkage was attached to see-saw.

Topside layups joining winglets to wings applied and curing. Strap layups at spar bolts applied – wings and winglets are completed (for now)!!!

IMG_3492

Keel and center wing spar

Keel glued in place with structural epoxy + flox + cabo.  Riveted in place to clamp. Lower cowling removed from fuselage, cowl flange is now in place. With cowling removed, holes for MLG bushings can be drilled into firewall and gear bulkhead.  Multiple layups placed around forward area of keel, where it joins the canard bulkhead.

Lower fuselage was cut out for center spar just forward of firewall and from flange down to gear pocket.  Also MLG cutouts were made in the lower fuselage.  Center wing spar section sanded and wiped down with alcohol. Preliminary fitting, leveling, and shimming of center spar accomplished.